Machine Learning

Predictaball has its own website!

I’ve created a website for Predictaball with team ratings and match predictions for all 4 main European leagues, at It has each team’s current rating and plots showing the change over the course of season, along with match outcome forecasts. Various statistics are also included, such as the biggest upset, worst teams in history, as well as this season’s predictive accuracy. Previously only Premiership match predictions were made available (via Twitter) and so I’m happy that I’ve finally got this website released.

Predictaball: mid-season review

This post continues on from the mid-season review of the Elo system and looks at my Bayesian football prediction model, Predictaball, up to and including matchday 20 of the Premier League (29th December). I’ll go over the overall predictive accuracy and compare my model to others, including bookies, expected goals (xG), and a compilation of football models. Overall accuracy So far, across the top 4 European leagues, there have been 696 matches with 379 (54%) of these outcomes being correctly predicted.

Elo ratings of the Premier League: mid-season review

This is going to be the first of 2 posts looking at the mid-season performance of my football prediction and rating system, Predictaball. In this post I’m going to focus on the Elo rating system. Premier league standings I’ll firstly look at how the teams in the Premiership stand, both in terms of their Elo rating and their accumulated points, as displayed in the table below, ordered by Elo. Over-performing teams, as defined by being at least 3 ranks higher in points than in Elo, are coloured in green, while under-performing teams, the opposite, are highlighted in red.


A machine learning sports prediction bot

Implementing an Elo rating system for European football

My football prediction has previously relied upon a Bayesian approach to quantify a team’s skill level, by modelling it as a random intercept in a hierarchical model of the outcome of a match. While this model performed very well (62% accuracy last season), I was never fully satisfied since this measure of skill is an average across the last ten seasons that I had data for, rather than being updated to reflect the time-varying nature of form.

Predicting football results in 2016-2017 with machine learning - Automated betting system

The last post showed that using a fully Bayesian multi-level model of the match outcomes helped Predictaball achieve a 58% overall prediction accuracy on the four European leagues, up 8% from last season. This post will describe the betting system I used to try and profit by identifying value bets in the offered odds. Betting system Before delving into the profit analysis I’ll firstly quickly summarise the staking model I used since I haven’t mentioned it anywhere before.

Predicting football results in 2016-2017 with machine learning - Bayesian hierarchical modelling

And so we come to the end of another season of football, and more importantly, Predictaball! This season has seen several large updates that I was meaning to detail these at the start of the season but life got in the way. The predictive model is now fully Bayesian I’ve added a betting system that identifies value bets I’ve expanded it to include the 3 other main European leagues: La liga Serie A Bundesliga Rather than detailing these new aspects as well as summarising the season’s performance in one massive blog, I’ll split this into two parts.

Predicting AFL results with hierarchical Bayesian models using JAGS

I’ve recently expanded my hierarchical Bayesian football (aka soccer) prediction football prediction framework to predict the results of Australian Rules Football (AFL) matches. I have no personal interest in AFL, instead I got involved through an email sent to a statistics mailing list advertising a competition that’s held by Monash University in Melbourne. Sensing an opportunity to quickly adapt my soccer prediction method to AFL results and to compare my technique to others, I decided to get involved.

Predictaball end of season review for 2015-2016

This post summarises Predictaball’s performance in the 2015-2016 season. I’ll look at overall performance, accuracy per week, how it fared in terms of making profit, and finally the annual comparison with Lawro. Compared to last year when it achieved 48% overall, Predictaball has fared less well this season with 43%. This isn’t largely surprising since this season has been full of surprises to say the least, with Leicester beating out the traditional top four for the title, and Spurs doing their best to break the monopoly (despite failing in typical Spurs fashion).

Generating Iron Maiden lyrics with Markov chains

I’ve been wanting to play with Markov Chains for a while now, and now that I’m starting to get into Bayesian analysis I’m going to need to use them more often. One fun use of them is to generate text which can (at a stretch) pass as written by a drunk person. For nice examples of them in action have a look at Garkov (generated Garfield strips) or even an entire subreddit generated with them reddit.